UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists From India
A total of 13 Intangible cultural heritage (ICH) elements from India have been inscribed till date on the UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
UNESCO established its Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage with the aim of ensuring better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and the awareness of their significance.
The list was established in 2008
Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and Year of Inscription:
- Tradition of Vedic chanting(2008): The oral tradition of the Vedas (Srauta) consists of several pathas, “recitations” or ways of chanting the Vedic mantras. Such traditions of Vedic chant are often considered the oldest unbroken oral tradition in existence, the fixation of the Vedic texts (samhitas)
- Ramlila, the traditional performance of the Ramayan(2008): Ramlila (literally ‘Rama’s lila or play’) is any dramatic folk re-enactment of the life of Rama according to the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana or secondary literature based on it such as the Ramcharitmanas.
- Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre(2008):Kutiyattam, is a traditional performing art form in the state of Kerala
- Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas(2009):It is a festival of the Hindu community in the Saloor Dungra village of the Painkhanda Valley in the Chamoli district in Uttarakhand.
The festival and the eponymous art form are conducted as an offering to the village deity, Bhumiyal Devta, in the courtyard of the village temple
- Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala(2010): Mudiyett or Mudiyettu is a traditional ritual theatre and folk dance drama from Kerala that enacts the mythological tale of a battle between the goddess Kali and the demon Darika.
- Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan(2010): Kalbelia or Kabeliya is one of the most sensuous dance forms of Rajasthan, performed by a tribe of the same name.
- Chhau dance(2010): Chhau dance, also spelled as Chau or Chhau, is a semi classical Indian dance with martial, tribal and folk origins It is found in three styles named after the location where they are performed, i.e. the Purulia Chau of Bengal, the Seraikella Chau of Jharkhand, and the Mayurbhanj Chau of Odisha.
- Buddhist chanting of Ladakh(2012): Recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
- Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur(2013): Manipuri Sankirtana is a form of performing art involving ritual singing, drumming and dancing performed in the temples and domestic spaces in Manipur State. It is practiced primarily by the Vaishnava community in Manipur
- Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, India(2014): The Thathera are a Hindu community, who are involved in the production of metal household utensil.
- Yoga(2016): Yoga is one of the six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy.There is a broad variety of yoga schools, practices, and goals in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.Among the most well-known types of yoga are Hatha yoga and Raja yoga.
- Nawrouz(2016):Nowruz is the name of the Iranian New Year’s Day,also known as the Persian New Year,which is celebrated worldwide by various ethno-linguistic groups.
- Kumbh Mela(2017)
Traditionally, four fairs are widely recognized as the Kumbh Melas: the Haridwar Kumbh Mela, the Allahabad Kumbh Mela, the Nashik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha, and Ujjain Simhastha.
At any given place, the Kumbh Mela is held once in 12 years.